Collies Health

What is the most common disease in Border Collies?

Border Collies are the best companions you will ever find in dog breeds. It is not easy for the owner to see his Border collie sick or suffering from any health problem. Being a responsible Border Collie owner requires a solid understanding of the breed’s specific health concerns. In this article, we’ll dive into the most common diseases that affect Border Collies, providing you with essential insights to ensure the well-being of your beloved dog companion.


Border Collies are incredibly versatile and talented dogs, excelling in various roles from herding to agility competitions. They are your best friends. You will never be disappointed in this breed. However, this breed comes with some common diseases. Let’s have a look at some of the most common diseases in Border Collies.

Understanding the Border Collie Breed

Border Collies are a breed known for their intelligence and agility. They require mental and physical stimulation to thrive, making them prone to restlessness and anxiety if not properly cared for. Regular exercise, training, and mental challenges are crucial for keeping these dogs happy and balanced.

Common Genetic Disease in Border Collies

Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA)

Collie Eye Anomaly is caused by the incomplete development of the Border Collie eye. Regular eye check-ups and responsible breeding practices are essential for reducing the prevalence of CEA within the breed. It is important to take your dog to the vet and consult on your Border Collies health.

Border collies eye colour

Hip Dysplasia

Hip Dysplasia is a common disease in Border collies. This mainly comes from the Border Collie genetics. Therefore, it is recommended to go through the medical records of the Border Collie puppy before bringing it to the home. Border Collies suffering from Hip Dysplasia have difficulty in getting up from lying down. Maintaining a healthy weight, providing joint supplements, and avoiding excessive jumping during the dog’s early development stages can help manage the risk of hip dysplasia.


Epilepsy is also caused genetically. Its symptoms can be noticed between the age of 6 months to 6 years. Medication and regular veterinary care can help manage the condition and improve the dog’s quality of life.

Hereditary Disorders in Border Collies

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

PRA is a group of degenerative eye disorders that can eventually lead to blindness. Regular eye exams and genetic testing can help identify carriers of the gene responsible for PRA, allowing breeders to make informed decisions to prevent its spread.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL)

NCL causes aggression, distress, and mental retardation in Border collies. This is a common disease in Border Collies and mainly comes from genetics. Therefore, genetic testing is crucial for preventing NCL through responsible breeding practices.

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome (TNS)

TNS is a genetic disorder that affects the immune system of Border Collies, making them susceptible to infections. While it can be managed to some extent with supportive care, responsible breeding is the key to reducing the occurrence of TNS.

External Parasites and Skin Issues in Border Collies

Flea Allergy Dermatitis

Flea allergy dermatitis is a common skin condition that can cause intense itching and discomfort. Regular flea prevention measures and maintaining good skin hygiene can help prevent this issue.

See also: What is the Average Lifespan of a Border Collie?

Demodectic Mange

Demodectic mange is a skin condition caused by mites. While small numbers of these mites are normal, an overgrowth can lead to skin problems. Stress and weakened immune systems can exacerbate this condition.

Gastrointestinal Disorders in Border Collies

Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV)

Also known as bloat, GDV is a serious condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself. This is also one of the most common diseases in Border Collies.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

IBD is basically caused by the hypoallergic reactions. This is a common disease in Border Collies but can be controlled after consultation with the vet. Managing IBD often involves dietary changes and medication under veterinary guidance.

Some common Joint and Bone diseases in Border Collies

Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)

OCD is a developmental disorder that affects the joints, particularly in fast-growing breeds like Border Collies. It can cause pain and lameness. Controlled exercise during the dog’s growth period and maintaining a healthy weight are important preventive measures.

Elbow Dysplasia

Elbow dysplasia is a condition where the components of the elbow joint don’t fit together properly, leading to pain and arthritis. Avoiding excessive jumping and providing joint supplements can help manage this issue.

Neurological Disorders in Border Collies

Border Collie Collapse (BCC)

BCC is a mysterious condition that causes collapse and muscle tremors, often triggered by intense exercise or excitement. While the exact cause is not yet fully understood, managing the dog’s activity levels can help prevent episodes.

Central Nervous System Disorders

Various central nervous system disorders can affect Border Collies, causing issues like mobility problems and tremors. Early detection and veterinary care are crucial for managing these conditions.


As a Border Collie owner, being informed about the common diseases that affect the breed is vital for providing the best care possible. By understanding these health challenges and taking preventive measures, you can ensure a happy and healthy life for your beloved furry friend.

FAQs about the most common disease in Border Collies

Are Border Collies prone to obesity?

Yes, due to their high energy levels, Border Collies can become obese if not given adequate exercise and a balanced diet.

Can I prevent Collie Eye Anomaly through breeding?

While responsible breeding can help reduce the prevalence of CEA, it’s challenging to completely eliminate due to its complex genetic nature.

Is Border Collie Collapse a serious condition?

While BCC can be alarming, it’s not typically life-threatening. Managing the dog’s activity can help prevent episodes.

Are there specific dietary recommendations for Border Collies?

Border Collies benefit from high-quality, well-balanced diets that cater to their energy needs and potential sensitivities.

Can I train a Border Collie to have good behavior?

Absolutely! Border Collies thrive on training and mental challenges. Positive reinforcement training methods work best for this breed.

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